[ID] => 10163
[post_author] => 34
[post_date] => 2018-09-28 09:54:12
[post_date_gmt] => 2018-09-28 08:54:12
[post_content] => The International Air Transport Association’s (IATA) Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR) – the field document for all those involved in the movement of dangerous goods by air – are updated annually. The 60th edition takes effect on 1 January 2019 and contains a lot of changes compared to the current edition. The new DGR contains amendments drawn from the 2019-2020 edition of the International Civil Aviation Organisation’s (ICAO) Technical Instructions, which themselves adopt amendments contained in the 20th revised edition of the UN Model Regulations alongside other, air-specific amendments. The new DGR also contains several changes adopted by IATA’s Dangerous Goods Board, as well as the usual list of amendments to the state and operator variations.
Those subject to the DGR will be expected to have a copy of the new edition to hand as from 1 January 2019 but, for guidance, this article highlights some of the areas of the DGR where the main changes can be found.
One item common across all modal regulations from 2019 is that the term ‘risk’ has been largely replaced by ‘hazard’ after the UN realised that it was using ‘risk’ wrongly; it is now aligned with the definition of ‘safety risk’ in safety management systems.
Examples have been added to 18.104.22.168 to provide an explanation of the three-month ‘window’ for recurrent training and the application of the original training expiry.
IATA has also taken into Appendix H the changes agreed by the ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel to reflect competency-based training and assessment. Although implementation of this has been held up within ICAO due to legislative issues, IATA is pressing ahead and has included the provisions as a preview prior to their entry into force on 1 January 2021, with a two-year transitional period. Extensive guidance material in draft form has also been included in Appendix H, with IATA inviting industry and regulatory to review and comment on this material ahead of its implementation.
The lists of IATA-Accredited Training Schools and Authorised Training Centres in Appendix F has also been updated, along with the list of sales agents.
PASSENGERS AND CREW
Another area that is specific to the air mode is the treatment of dangerous goods carried by passengers and crew in carry-on and checked baggage. A new provision in 22.214.171.124 relates to the increasingly common practice among carriers of moving carry-on baggage into the hold, often at the gate before boarding; this requires that when such transfers take place, the operator must verify with the passenger that the carry-on item does not contain dangerous goods forbidden in checked baggage.
New text has also been introduced in 2.3.0 to clarify that the “most appropriate entry” in 2.3 that describes an item must be used and, when an article contains more than one dangerous good, all applicable provisions must be met.
Sub-section 126.96.36.199 states that radiopharmaceuticals contained within a person following medical treatment are not subject to the regulations. Similarly, though unconnected, energy-efficient lamps in retail packagings are not subject to the regulations. Provisions applicable to both have been deleted from 2.3 and Table 2.3.A
The provisions applicable to battery-powered mobility aids in 188.8.131.52, 184.108.40.206 and 220.127.116.11 have been revised to simplify and standardise the requirements for loading in an aircraft where the operator is responsible for ensuring that the mobility aid is properly restrained and protected against damage from baggage or other cargo. The term “collapsible” that was applied to lithium ion battery-powered mobility aids has been deleted.
Changes relating to the classification of dangerous goods are, as is normal, common across the modes and derive from the UN Sub-committee of Experts’ deliberations. This year’s amendments include clarification of the classification of ammonium nitrate fertilisers (18.104.22.168.2), significant changes to the provisions for the classification of corrosive substances (3.8) for better alignment with GHS, and new classification criteria for energetic samples (3.11.4).
In addition, new provisions are added at 3.12 for the classification of articles containing dangerous goods, nos; this it to accommodate the new UN entries for articles (see below).
As ever, there are changes to the provisions for the classification of lithium batteries in 22.214.171.124, including new criteria to address hybrid lithium batteries that include both lithium metal and lithium ion cells, and a requirement for manufacturers and distributors of lithium cells and batteries to make available a summary of the UN 38.3 tests (this provision takes effect on 1 January 2020).
Finally, the provisions for the classification of infected animal material in 126.96.36.199 have been deleted.
DANGEROUS GOODS LIST
Changes to the List of Dangerous Goods in 4.2 also reflect to a large extent amendments in other modes, taken from the UN Model Regulations. These include:
- A new UN 3535 entry for toxic solid, flammable, inorganic, nos
- A new UN 3536 entry for lithium batteries installed in cargo transport unit, and
- Twelve new UN numbers, 3537 to 3548, assigned to articles containing dangerous goods of all classes except 1, 6.2 and 7.
In addition, ‘stabilised’ is added to the proper shipping name of UN 3302 2-dimethylaminoethyl acrylate, and UN 3316, assigned to chemical and first aid kits, is amended to delete the reference to packing groups; instead, the appropriate packing group must be assigned, based on the most restrictive packing group in the kit as specified in special provision A44.
More specific to air transport is the assignment of ID 8001 to disilane; this is a temporary measure while the UN Sub-committee deals with a gap in the existing provisions for pyrophoric gases. It also identifies that disilane is completely forbidden in air transport.
The ICAO Dangerous Goods Panel has agreed a new drill number, 12 – fire, heat, smoke, toxic and flammable vapour, for lithium batteries. As such, the emergency drill code in column N for all lithium battery entries has been changed from ‘9FZ’ to ‘12FZ’.
There are, as ever, revisions to the list of self-reactive substances in Table C.1 and organic peroxides in Table C.2 in Appendix C.
There are four new special provisions:
- A213 identifies that hybrid lithium batteries must be assigned to UN 3090 or 3091 and the limits that apply when they are assigned to Section II
- A334 identifies the conditions that apply to lithium batteries under approval, as provided for my A201
- A806 provides information on how a shipper must determine the subsidiary hazard(s) for articles containing dangerous goods, nos, and how those subsidiary hazard(s) must be shown on the Shipper’s Declaration, and
- A807 identifies that the assigned entry must not be used for disilane or other pyrophoric gases.
The existing special provisions A21, A134, A203 and A207 will be “not used”, being replaced by a new A214.
A59 is revised to include reference to a maximum gauge pressure under which the exception for unserviceable or damaged tyre assemblies applies.
A67 is revised to include the test requirements for classification of non-spillable batteries from Packing Instruction 872.
A79 and A90 are revised and A89 is now “not used”, to clarify the classification of
ammonium nitrate fertilisers.
A107 is revised to address the transport of UN 3363 dangerous goods in apparatus/machinery where the quantity of dangerous goods exceeds that allowed in PI 962.
A201 is revised to include provisions permitting the transport of lithium metal or lithium ion batteries as cargo on passenger aircraft with the approval of the states of origin, destination and operator.
PACKING AND PACKAGING
There are several changes to the packing instructions, not all relating to changes in the UN Model Regulations.
PI 200 and PI 208 have been revised to clarify the terminology dealing with calculating cylinder pressures. PI 361 and PI 364 have been revised to restrict UN 1308 zirconium suspended in a flammable liquid of PG I and II to combination packagings with a maximum gross weight of 75 kg (completed package). Packing provisions for small quantities of energetic samples have been added to PI 459. PI 620 and PI 650 now contain stand-alone requirements for the pressure differential tests. Changes have been made to PI 958 to allow the use of combination packagings as well as single packagings. And PI 966 and PI 969 have been revised to clarify the number of spare cells or batteries that may be “packed with” equipment.
Elsewhere, 6.4.2 has been revised to adopt references to new ISO standards and change the applicability dates of existing ISO standards. Changes have also been made to the list of UN specification packaging suppliers and package testing facilities in Appendix E.
MARKING, LABELLING AND DOCUMENTATION
The provisions that previously existed in 188.8.131.52 and Figure 7.4.H have been deleted as the lithium battery handling label is no longer valid in air transport.
Other changes in Section 7 offer some clarification:
- A Note has been added in 7.2.1 to draw attention to the correct application of GHS pictograms on packages
- The specification for hazard labels in 184.108.40.206.2(a) has been revised to remove the requirement for the outside line to be a minimum of 2 mm thick
- The new Class 9 lithium battery hazard label must not have any text in the bottom half other than the class number (220.127.116.11.2(c)).
In 8.1.1 and 8.1.7, notes have been added to specify that the Shipper’s Declaration form in the format shown in the 59th edition of the DGR remains valid until 31 December 2024. The example Shipper’s Declarations in 8.1.9 have been modified to reflect changes elsewhere in the DGR.
A new provision is added in 18.104.22.168.4 to identify that engines and machinery assigned to UN 3528, Class 3 do not require segregation from dangerous goods with a primary or subsidiary Division 5.1 hazard.
An additional exception for accessibility on loading of Cargo Aircraft Only dangerous goods has been added in 22.214.171.124 to allow UN 3528 and 3529 to be loaded in any location on a cargo aircraft.
In 126.96.36.199.3, the information required on the written information to the pilot-in-command (NOTOC) has been revised to also require that the date of the flight be shown.
In Appendix B.2.2.4 new Cargo IMP codes have been added for lithium batteries, to facilitate the differentiation of Section II lithium batteries (UN 3090 and 3480) from those lithium batteries in Section II packed with equipment or contained in equipment (UN 3091 UN 3481).
The 60th edition of the IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations is available now from the usual sources.
[post_title] => IATA: New year, new rules
[post_status] => publish
[comment_status] => open
[ping_status] => open
[post_name] => iata-new-year-new-rules
[post_modified] => 2018-09-25 15:58:28
[post_modified_gmt] => 2018-09-25 14:58:28
[post_parent] => 0
[guid] => https://www.hcblive.com/?p=10163
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