[ID] => 7918
[post_author] => 34
[post_date] => 2017-04-11 09:57:02
[post_date_gmt] => 2017-04-11 08:57:02
[post_content] => The International Maritime Organisation’s (IMO) two main rulemaking committees both met in late 2016 and agreed changes that will affect all sectors of the shipping industry. Some of their outcomes are of particular interest to those active in the shipping of dangerous goods in bulk and packaged form, but operators in those sectors will also be impacted by decision reached on more general matters.
The Marine Environment Protection Committee (MEPC) held its 70th session on 24 to 28 October. Its headline-making decision was to bring forward a global cap on the sulphur content of bunker fuels of 0.5 per cent to 1 January 2020. That date had been set as a target when the necessary amendments were adopted by 2008 but it had been decided that a review should be undertaken to ensure that enough compliant fuel would be available to meet the deadline. That review was completed last year.
The new global limit sulphur limit represents a sharp reduction on the 3,5 per cent limit in force since 2012. The new limit will apply to both main and auxiliary engines and to boilers. Exemptions are provided for situations involving the safety of the ship or saving life at sea, or if a ship or its equipment is damaged. Further work to ensure effective implementation of the 2020 global sulphur limit will continue in the Sub-Committee on Pollution Prevention and Response (PPR).
EFFICIENCY AND EMISSIONS
MEPC also made progress on a number of initiatives designed to improve fuel efficiency and reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. It adopted new mandatory provisions under Annex VI of the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (Marpol) that will require all ships of 5,000 gt or above to collect consumption data for each type of fuel they use. This data will be reported to the flag state once a year and flag states will be required to transfer this to a planned IMO Ship Fuel Oil Consumption Database.
MEPC approved a roadmap for the development of a comprehensive strategy for reducing GHG emissions from ships and anticipates agreement of this strategy during 2018. The roadmap includes further studies and plans for intersessional work, with the first of these meetings due to take place alongside the 71st session of MEPC in July 2017.
Further work was reported in the development of the Energy Efficiency Design Index (EEDI) regulations, phase two of which is due to enter into force in 2020. The Committee updated its guidelines for calculation of the EEDI. The IMO Secretariat reported that more than 1,900 ships have been certified as complying with the new energy efficiency design standards.
MEPC approved the designation of the North and Baltic Seas as emission control areas (ECAs) for nitrogen oxides (NOx) under regulation 13 of Marpol Annex VI. Draft amendments will be adopted at the 71st session with a view to bringing the requirements into effect on 1 January 2021. This will primarily affect diesel engines and will – to begin with, at least – apply only to ships constructed after the effective date.
MEPC welcomed the news that the conditions for entry into force of the International Convention for the Control and Management of Ships' Ballast Water and Sediments (BWM Convention), 2004 were met on 8 September 2016 and consequently the treaty will enter into force on 8 September 2017. It also updated the ‘G8’ guidelines on the approval of ballast water management system. More details on how this will affect the tanker shipping market will be included in a report on the recent Chemical & Product Tanker conference in next month’s issue of HCB.
ON THE SAFETY SIDE
The Maritime Safety Committee (MSC) held its 97th session from 21 to 25 November 2016 and adopted a number of amendments to the International Convention on Safety of Life at Sea (Solas) and its various codes. These included amendments to the International Code for the Construction and Equipment of Ships Carrying Liquefied Gases in Bulk (IGC Code), aligning the wheelhouse window fire-rating requirements in the IGC Code with those in Solas chapter II-2. The amendments are expected to enter into force on 1 January 2020. Amendments were also made to the International Code on the Enhanced Programme of Inspections during Surveys of Bulk Carriers and Oil Tankers, 2011 (ESP Code), which are expected to enter into force on 1 July 2018.
MSC adopted interim recommendations for carriage of liquefied hydrogen in bulk, as this cargo is not specifically covered in the IGC Code. It is expected that, as new regulations on carbon emissions take effect, there will be growing demand for the use of hydrogen as a fuel source and, therefore, for the shipping of liquefied hydrogen in bulk.
The recommendations were based on a comparison study of similar cargoes listed in the IGC Code, especially LNG, and are intended to facilitate the establishment of a tripartite agreement for a pilot ship that will be developed for the research and demonstration of safe long-distance overseas carriage of liquefied hydrogen in bulk.
The interim recommendations contain general and special requirements for the carriage of liquefied hydrogen in bulk by ship, such as the provision of portable hydrogen detectors for each crew member working in the cargo area; selection of fire detectors for detecting hydrogen fires; and appropriate safety measures to prevent formation of an explosive mixture in the case of a leakage of hydrogen.
MSC approved draft amendments to paragraphs 4.5.1 and 4.5.2 of the International Maritime Solid Bulk Cargoes (IMSBC) Code to emphasise the responsibility of the shipper for ensuring that a test to determine the transportable moisture limit (TML) of a solid bulk cargo as well as sampling and testing for moisture content are conducted. The draft amendments will be put forward for adoption at MSC’s 98th session in June 2017 together with the next set of draft amendments to the IMSBC Code, set to be adopted in 2017 with entry into force in 2020.
MSC also developed proposed amendments to revise and update the Goal-Based Standards (GBS) Verification Guidelines, based on the experience from initial verification audits. These revisions will address issues such as the insertion of an application date for any revised version of the Guidelines or submitting corrective action plans to address any findings reported by the GBS Audit Teams. A revised timetable and schedule of activities for the implementation of the GBS verification scheme was also agreed, to include a 31 December 2017 deadline for the receipt of rule change information and request for new initial verification audits, if any. At its 96th session, MSC confirmed that ship construction rules for oil tankers and bulk carriers submitted by 12 classification societies conform to the goals and functional requirements set by IMO.
[post_title] => IMO: Two for the money
[post_status] => publish
[comment_status] => open
[ping_status] => open
[post_name] => imo-two-money
[post_modified] => 2017-04-10 16:01:35
[post_modified_gmt] => 2017-04-10 15:01:35
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[guid] => https://www.hcblive.com/?p=7918
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IMO: Two for the money
// By Peter Mackay on 11 Apr 2017
IMO's committees have been progressing work on fuel efficiency, emissions reductions and the carriage of liquefied hydrogen in bulk