[ID] => 10038
[post_author] => 34
[post_date] => 2018-08-29 10:35:24
[post_date_gmt] => 2018-08-29 09:35:24
[post_content] => Competency-based training is on its way for those involved in the transport of dangerous goods by air. For some, this will be a big change; for others, it will only mean a tweaking of existing training programmes.
But, for Paul Horner, manager of dangerous goods standards at the International Air Transport Association (IATA), it involves a more fundamental change. “This is a great opportunity to bring a new approach to training to complement how industry will be moving in the future,” he says.
Some things will be clearer: it is the employer’s responsibility to establish the training requirements for each employee – but employees’ roles are changing with the introduction of digital systems and processes, nowhere more significantly than in the dangerous goods sector.
For Horner, the introduction of competency-based training concepts offers an opportunity to standardise the training requirements across all players in the air transport chain and across all countries.
At present, there are massive differences in training standards and programmes between countries. IATA is working on guidelines that will offer a standardised approach that will, hopefully, lead to a situation where approved trainers and programmes will be recognised by other competent authorities.
“Competency-based training offers that opportunity – it is a blank page to work from,” adds Alexandra Jimenez, secretary of IATA’s Dangerous Goods Training Working Group. “It means that more countries and more stakeholders will be working in a standardised way.”
HELD UP IN TRANSIT
The International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) planned to introduce the new dangerous goods training provisions based on competency-based training and assessment in its 2019-2020 Technical Instructions, with a two-year transition period and mandatory implementation from 2021. However, ICAO’s Dangerous Goods Panel has run up against some legislative issues and it needs to go back and discuss the change with other panels. It now appears that implementation will be delayed by two years.
IATA is, however, embracing the methodology moving forward. Competency-based training will be covered in Appendix H of the 60th edition of the Dangerous Goods Regulations, which will take effect on 1 January 2019. This Appendix will include a review of the ICAO provisions and guidelines for implementation developed by IATA’s Working Group, aimed at designers and developers of dangerous goods training programmes.
That guidance will also be made available separately on IATA’s website, with the aim of generating feedback from a range of stakeholders, including designers of training programmes and, importantly, competent authorities. IATA needs to know how competent authorities are planning to approve and oversee competency-based training programmes in their countries; Jimenez says she also wants to be able to use feedback to help develop the guidance further.
The main risk, according to Horner, is that competent authorities and airlines fail to have sufficient trust in the system. “Very strong guidance and standards are needed,” he says, and this is exactly what IATA is working on.
Horner also expects operators adopting competency-based training ahead of the ICAO deadline. “Many already have similar systems in place,” he says, although they will probably need to be amended to match the new standards.
WORK FOR ALL
The main challenge will be for other players in the chain, especially SMEs in the shipper and freight forwarder sectors. This means competent authorities will have to make a bigger effort to oversee the process. It seems likely that it will be easy to design suitable in-house training programmes, particularly for those handling only a few different products, but it will be much harder to address open-access training courses that currently typically cover the entirety of the regulations.
This could, Horner thinks, lend itself to a modular approach, possibly with the use of simulators and virtual reality – such tools are already being used in other areas of aviation training. But that also means that there will be business opportunities for those training providers and designers that have the necessary skills.
Fundamentally, though, IATA-approved training schools (ATSs) will have to follow the IATA standards and guidance and implement the competency-based methodology in their training courses. The ATS Network has been involved in the development of the IATA guidance material and, Jimenez says, IATA will be undertaking outreach efforts to help spread the word, with a series of webinars already being planned.
This is, Jimenez adds, all part of a refocusing of IATA’s training strategy to be more ‘learner-centred’, transmitting not only knowledge but also skills. And that is what competency-based training is all about.
Those affected by the changes will be able to keep up to date with the latest developments on IATA’s website
[post_title] => Training: Yes we can
[post_status] => publish
[comment_status] => open
[ping_status] => open
[post_name] => training-yes-can
[post_modified] => 2018-08-29 10:35:24
[post_modified_gmt] => 2018-08-29 09:35:24
[post_parent] => 0
[guid] => https://www.hcblive.com/?p=10038
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